§ 6.) Amalthaea, in Greek (originally Cretan) mythology, the foster mother of Zeus, king of the gods.She is sometimes represented as the goat that suckled the infant god in a cave in Crete, sometimes as a nymph who fed him the milk of a goat. 13; Apollod. § 3.). Celoria) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Heaven is her reward for giving milk . . In Greek mythology, Amalthea or Amaltheia (Greek: Ἀμάλθεια) is the most-frequently mentioned foster-mother of Zeus.Her name in Greek ("tender goddess") is clearly an epithet, signifying the presence of an earlier nurturing goddess, [1] whom the Hellenes, whose myths we know, knew to be located in Crete, where Minoans may have called her a version of "Dikte". 163; Callim. ii. Amalthea was found on September 9, 1892 by Edward Emerson Barnard using the 36 inch (91 cm) telescope at Lick Observatory. "He [Pan] once was mountain-ranging shepherd of the goat Amaltheia my [Zeus's] nurse, who gave me milk; save him. iv. "The cave in the rock of Dikte (Dicte) with its flashing helmets, ask the Korybantes (Corybantes) [Kouretes (Curetes)] too, where little Zeus used to play, when he sucked the nourishing pap of goat Amaltheia and grew strong in spirit, but never drank Rheia's milk. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 4 - 5 (trans. The rising of Capella marked the onset of stormy weather for the Greeks. Her name in Greek ("tender goddess") is clearly an epithet, signifying the presence of an earlier nurturing goddess, whom the Hellenes, whose myths we know, knew to be located in Crete, where Minoans may have called her a version of "Dikte". In Greek mythology, Amalthea or Amaltheia (Greek: Ἀμάλθεια) is the most-frequently mentioned foster-mother of Zeus. The birth of Zeus is a tale with many different versions and over the years much effort has been put in, in an attempt to reconcile these stories. (Apollod. ", Ovid, Fasti 5. ii. 68) gives an account of Amaltheia, which differs from all the other traditions. In Myths : ‘there where life for me is a horn of the goat Amaltheia.’ For Amaltheia was the nurse of Zeus, [her name deriving] from malassesthai, ‘to be softened.’", Aratus, Phaenomena 162 ff (trans. 7. The Story of Amalthea. "I remember observing at Aigeira [in Akhaia (Achaea)] a building in which was an image of Tykhe (Tyche, Fortune) carrying the horn of Amaltheia. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : In Greek mythology, Amalthea or Amaltheia (Greek: Ἀμάλθεια) is the most often mentioned among foster-mothers of Zeus Greek mythology, Amalthea or Amaltheia (Greek: Ἀμάλθεια) is the most often mentioned among foster-mothers of Zeus : 8 : Ovid, Fasti 5. 139, where he calls the nymph Adamanteia),and is said to have fed Zeus with the milk of a goat. Amaltheias keras (trans. Naiad Amalthea, famous on Cretan Ida, hid Jupiter, it is said, in the forest. ad Hom. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 25. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 280 ff (trans. 100% (1/1) Halik Ægis aegides. The word aigis means both "stormy weather" and "goat-skin" in ancient Greek which explains the close connection between the two in myth. According to myth, Amalthea was the nurse of Zeus during the years he was growing up hidden from his father Cronus in a cave on Crete. Others have said that certain cities were named from them--Olenus in Aulis, Helice in the Peloponnesus (Peloponnese), and Aex in Haemonia--about which Homer writes in the second book of the Iliad. "On the first night I can see the star that serviced Jupiter's [Zeus'] cradle. 13. Their help allowed Rheia to wrap up that stone of deceit, and gave it to Kronos (Cronus) for a meal in place of Kronides (Cronides) [Zeus]. The Nympha picked the horn up, ringed it with fresh herbs, and took it fruit-filled to Jupiter's [Zeus'] lips. When this goat once broke off one of her horns, the nymph Amaltheia filled it with fresh herbs and fruit and gave it to Zeus, who transplaced it together with the goat among the stars. Aiges (trans. ", Strabo, Geography 8. "Here [in Elis] Sosipolis too is worshipped in a small shrine on the left of the sanctuary of Tykhe (Tyche, Fortune). The third most distant moon of Jupiter. Derived terms (Greek mythology): horn of Amalthea; Translations But Parmeniscus say that a certain Melisseus was king in Crete, and to his daughters Jove [Zeus] was brought to nurse. : Terrified by it, the Titanes begged Terra (Earth) [Gaia] to hide her body, and Terra is said to have hidden her in a cave in the island of Crete. The foster mother of Zeus The ancients themselves appear to have been as uncertain about the etymology of the name as about the real nature of Amalthea. Amaltheias keras (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : But Musaeus says . Cronus Amalthea (mythology) Greek mythology Nymph Zeus. Poet. Amaltheia's skin, or that of her goat, taken by Zeus in honor of her when she died, became the protective aegis in some traditions. . . When the god reached maturity he created his thunder-shield (the aegis) from her hide and the horn of plenty (cornucopia) from her crown. There were different traditions regarding Amaltheia. It was discovered in 1892 by the American astronomer Edward Emerson Barnard and named for a figure in Greek mythology associated with the infant Jupiter. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) . They tell this story about him. 14 ff (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Ovid, Fasti 5. This goat having broken off one of its horns, Amalthaea filled the horn with flowers and fruits and presented it to Zeus, who, according to one version, placed it, together with the goat, among the stars. 6 (trans. 13; Arat. She often bore twin kids, and at the very time that Jove was brought to her to nurse, had borne a pair. : Pausanias, Description of Greece 6. 111 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. The moon is named after the nymph Amalthea from Greek mythology who nursed the infant Zeus (the Greek equivalent of Jupiter) with goat's milk. Was an icon of the Cornucopia comes from the time when the god of thunder and the of... Was created from the Greek mother Spirit from Greek mythology, Amalthea or Amaltheia ( Greek astronomical poem B.C! Grown up its mistress ' name [ Amaltheia ] done with his previous children Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses (. So because of the Cornucopia comes from the time when the god Zeus was a mere baby the! 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